An electric bicycle also known as an e-bike or ebike is a bicycle with an integrated electric motor 

which can be used to assist propulsion. Many kinds of e-bikes are available worldwide, from e-bikes that

only have a small motor to assist the rider's pedal-power to more powerful e-bikes which

are closer to moped-style functionality. All retain the ability to be pedalled by the rider and are therefore

not electric motorcycles.

E-bikes use rechargeable batteries and the lighter ones can travel up to 25 to 32 km/h.

E-bikes function like hybrid electric vehicles since the electric motor combines battery propulsion with another source of electricity but this time by pedal power.

What safety requirements are in place for e-bikes?

To operate an e-bike on Ontario's public roads, the following vehicle safety and operator requirements are in place :

  • E-bikes must not weigh more than 120 kg (includes the weight of bike and battery).

  • All operators and passengers must be at least 16 years of age.

  • All operators and passengers must wear an approved bicycle or motorcycle helmets.

  • All electrical terminals must be completely covered.

  • Two independent braking systems consistent with requirements for motorcycles and motor-assisted bicycles (mopeds) that applies force to each wheel and is capable of bringing the e-bike, while being operated at a speed of 30 km/h, to a full stop within 9 metres from the point at which the brakes were applied.

  • The minimum wheel width is 35mm.

  • The minimum wheel diameter is 350mm.

  • No modifications to the motor to allow it to exceed a power output greater than 500W and a speed greater than 32 km/h.